The quantitative part of the GRE consists of two math sections, each with 20 questions. Of the 40 questions, there are:
- 15 quantitative comparison questions – 7 or 8 per section;
- 19 discrete quantitative questions, consisting of about 11 multiple-choice questions, 4 multiple-answer questions, and 4 numeric entry questions, approximately evenly split between the two sections;
- 6 data interpretation questions – 3 per section – all of which are discrete quantitative questions, mostly multiple-choice.
In order to answer these questions, you need to know arithmetic, some very elementary algebra, and a little geometry. Much of this material you learned in elementary and middle school; the rest you learned during the first two years of high school. You do not need to know any advanced mathematics. The questions are intended to determine if you have a basic knowledge of elementary mathematics, and if you have the ability to reason clearly.
Quantitative Comparison Questions
Of the 40 mathematics questions on the GRE, about 15 are quantitative comparison questions. In these questions there are two quantities – Quantity A and Quantity B – and it is your job to compare them. For these problems there are only four possible answers:
- Quantity A is greater;
- Quantity B is greater;
- The two quantities are equal; and
- It is impossible to determine which quantity is greater.
Click here to view quantitative comparison questions and solutions.
Multiple Choice Questions
These are classic multiple choice questions that typically appear on most standardized tests. These questions have 5 answer choices out of which only one of the answer choices is correct.
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Multiple Answer Questions
The revised GRE has about 4 multiple-answer questions. These questions may have up to 9 answers choices. The answer choices are preceded by squares and you need to select one or more of them as the correct answer. Please note that you will receive full credit for the question only if you choose all the correct answer choices and no wrong answer choices.
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Numeric Entry Questions
This is by no means a groundbreaking new question format: instead of multiple-choice math questions, students will now sometimes have to type the actual numerical answer into a box on the test screen. Some questions of this type may have a fraction as the answer and you are expected to enter the numerator and denominator in two separate boxes.
Click here to view sample numeric entry questions and solutions.